About Mycoplasma genitalium
- Caused by the bacteria Mycoplasma genitalium, genitalium (also often referred to as MG) is a non-notifiable STI .
- Many M. genitalium cases are asymptomatic. When present, signs and symptoms are similar to those of chlamydia infection.1
- Persistent infection due to treatment failure is common, due to increases in antimicrobial resistance.1
- M. genitalium is an established cause of PID, urethritis and cervicitis.
Diagnosis and treatment
- Screening for asymptomatic M. genitalium infection is not recommended, aside from sexual contacts of a confirmed case.2
- Nucleic acid amplification testing on high vaginal swab for women. First pass urine specimen for men, or where a self-collected vaginal or endocervical swab cannot be taken.1,3
- When possible, test for macrolide resistance mutations and treat accordingly. See the Australian STI management guidelines for further information about treatment options.
Follow-up and management
- Test of cure should be undertaken 14-21 days after completion of treatment, only when there are ongoing symptoms and/or risk of reinfection or sequalae.3
- It is recommended that ongoing sexual partners of the index case are tested and treated. The time period for contact tracing is currently unknown.1
For more information about Mycoplasma genitalium, see:
- Australasian Society for HIV Viral Hepatitis and Sexual Health Medicine. Australasian Contact Tracing Guidelines 2016 [updated 2016; cited 2022 16th June]. Available from: http://contacttracing.ashm.org.au/
- Melbourne Sexual Health Centre. Treatment Guidelines [updated July 2021; cited 2022 16th June]. Available from: https://www.mshc.org.au/health-professionals/treatment-guidelines/mycoplasma-genitalium-treatment-guidelines
- Australasian Sexual Health Alliance. Australian STI Management Guidelines for use in Primary Care 2018 [updated December 2021; cited 2022 16th June]. Available from: https://sti.guidelines.org.au/